The study basically tries to analyse the institutional and organisational set-up administrating, influencing, developing and shaping the VET system and the actors and mechanisms of the social dialogue on training against the background of current pressures for change. Chapter 2 provides some background information concerning economic development, the labour market and the main assets of the VET (Vocational Education and Training) - System in Austria. Chapter 3 analyses the issues of the Austrian social dialogue on the general level of policy making, which poses the framework in that the social dialogue on training is embedded. Section 3.1. is analyzing the basic set ups of the Austrian social partnership; section 3.2. deals with the contribution of the social partners to the processes of policy shaping and policy development, a main focus being given to challenges for the social partners style of interest policies due to the changes in economy and policy since the beginning of the 1980s. Chapter 4 gives an overview regarding social partners involvement in VET (Section 4.1.) and is discussing in Section 4.2. the role of the social partners in the actor network of VET in a more detailed way, related to six main issues: 1) apprenticeship training, 2) Continuing Vocational Training, 3) Labour Market Training and Re-Training, 4) Higher Education Policy and, 5) the field of VET research 6) the vocational training issues departments. Chapter 4.3. looks at the social dialogue on training in the apprenticeship system during the 1990s. Problems deriving from the principal way of social partners policy involvement against the background of increased change are also mirrored in this case study. At least Chapter 5 draws the conclusions according to the main questions and tries to give some overall prospects with regard to the social partners shaping capacities on VET.